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SWACHH BHARATH MISSION

Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) or Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) or Clean India Mission was a country-wide campaign from 2014 to 2019, to eliminate open defecation and improve solid waste management (SWM) in urban and rural areas in India. The objectives of the mission also included eradication of manual scavenging, generating awareness and bringing about a behavior change regarding sanitation practices, and augmentation of capacity at the local level. Initiated by the Government of India, the mission aimed to achieve an "open-defecation free" (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi. The mission aimed at progressing towards target 6.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals Number 6 established by the United Nations in 2015.

The campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is India's largest cleanliness drive to date with three million government employees and students from all parts of India participating in 4,043 cities, towns, and rural communities. At a rally in Champaran, the Prime minister called the campaign Satyagrah se Swachhagrah in reference to Gandhi's Champaran Satyagraha launched on 10 April 1916.

As part of the campaign, volunteers, known as Swachhtagrahis, or "Ambassadors of cleanliness", promoted indoor plumbing and community approaches to sanitation (CAS) at the Household level. 

The objectives of the mission are mentioned below: 

  • Elimination of open defecation
  • Eradication of Manual Scavenging
  • Modern and Scientific Municipal Solid Waste Management
  • To effect behavioral change regarding healthy sanitation practices
  • Generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health
  • Capacity Augmentation for ULB’s
  • To create an enabling environment for private sector participation in Capex (capital expenditure) and Opex (operation and maintenance)

The Mission has the following components:

  • Household toilets, including conversion of insanitary latrines into pour-flush latrines
  • Community toilets
  • Public toilets
  • Solid waste management
  • IEC & Public Awareness
  • Capacity building and Administrative & Office Expenses (A&OE)

Door to Door Collection –

  • Sanitation volunteers knocked on the doors of each house in old city and appealed people not to throw garbage in the open and instead use dustbins placed in their respective areas. Simultaneously, sanitation efforts included door-to-door garbage collection in all 90 wards.
  • M/s. A.G.Enviro is currently carrying out Door to Door Collection and Transportationin ….. Wards while in the remaining ….. Wards VNN are conducting Door to Door Collection and Transportation. is ongoing in all the 90 Wards from Houses, Commercial & Institutional Establishments, RWAs, All Formal Colonies and other Non-Residential Premises.
  • At Slums and Informal Settlements Door to Door is partially done; Common Bins are installed for Residents to deposit Solid Waste and lifted by Collector.
  • Efforts ongoing to practice Door to Door Collection in Slums and informal Settlements.
  • Waste being transported from Source to Processing Facilities is transported in covered Vehicles and in the case of open vehicles the waste is covered with Tarpaulin.
  • One Transfer Station at Bhawaniya Pokhri and one Transfer Station at Fatman are currently operational

Separate Transportation –

  • All vehicles transporting waste to Transfer Stations are compartmentalized into wet and dry.
  • Certain number of vehicles have been especially dedicated for Covid-19 waste (Hazardous waste) and transported to Pt. Deendayal upadhayay Hospital for processing  M/s Silicon welfare at Gazipur.
  • All vehicles to Transfer Stations and from Transfer Stations to Processing facilities are fitted with GPS.

Waste Processing –

  • All waste transferred directly to the three Waste to Energy Plants are manually and mechanically segregated into Dry and Wet. Wet waste is processed. Recyclable Dry Waste is lifted by Rag Pickers or sent to MRF Centre. Non-recyclable dry waste is stored & forwarded to Karsada waste to compost Plant. These three plants are currently non-functional as the contract with the previous agency for O & M of the plants terminated on December 2019. The Plants are undergoing renovation and VNN is in the process of issuing tender for a new agency to operate these plants.
  • All waste transferred to Karsada Waste to Compost Plant is manually and mechanically segregated into wet and dry. Recyclable dry waste is lifted by Rag Pickers while Non-Recyclable dry waste is processed into Refuse Derived Fuel/RDF along with the wet waste processed into Compost.
  • Two MRF facilities are currently functioning—a) Bhawania Pokhari MRF under O & M of M/s. TERI & M/s.GIZ India. b) Aashapur MRF under O & M of M/s. Coca Cola & UNDP.

Toilets-

  • Under the mission, 56 (473 seats) community toilets and 182 (1426 seats), Public Toilets 3 toilet (13 seats) pink toilet, 1 toilet (2 seats) for third gender and 417 seats urinal have already been constructed. Of the total, 30 per cent toilets are for women.
  • 10291 Individual household toilets have already been constructed under this project.

 Plastic Waste –

 VNN has set up a “ Pravartan Dal” that conducts regular patrolling and raids to ensure compliance of ban on Plastic below<50 microns and single use plastic.

 

पालीथीन, गंदगी, अतिक्रमण तथा मलबा अभियान के अन्तर्गत की गई कार्यवाही का माहवार विवरण        

क्र0

माह का नाम

पालीथीन जब्त (कि०ग्रा०)

अन्य प्लास्टिक सामग्री ग्लास, प्लेट इत्यादि

प्लास्टिक जुर्माना

गंदगी जुर्माना

अतिक्रमण जुर्माना

मलबा जुर्माना

कुल योग

(रु० में०)

(रु० में०)

(रु० में०)

(रु० में०)

(5+6+7+8)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

वर्ष 2018

657.75

12675

419000

0

0

0

419000

वर्ष 2019

19908.78

24735

4915376

560855

585250

3000

6064481

1

जनवरी2020

240.00

0.00

166000.00

11000.00

17800.00

0.00

194800.00

2

फरवरी 2020

1135.00

0.00

159700.00

1600.00

6000.00

0.00

167300.00

3

मार्च 2020

360.00

0.00

163100.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

163100.00

4

मई 2020

1169.00

0.00

63310.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

63310.00

5

जून 2020

242.50

0.00

112150.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

112150.00

6

जुलाई 2020

34506.00

0.00

496100.00

200.00

7600.00

0.00

503900.00

7

अगस्त 2020

10825.00

0.00

586700.00

11300.00

14800.00

0.00

612800.00

8

सितम्बर2020

7700.00

0.00

599500.00

7000.00

98100.00

0.00

704600.00

9

अक्टूबर2020

13110.00

0.00

534300.00

4600.00

25450.00

0.00

564350.00

10

नवंबर2020

2805.00

0.00

205500.00

25550.00

32000.00

18000.00

281050.00

11

1 दिसम्बर 11 दिसंबर 2020

12450.00

0.00

185200.00

900.00

24000.00

0.00

210100.00

जनवरी से 11 दिसम्बर 2020

84542.50

0.00

3271560.00

62150.00

225750.00

18000.00

3577460.00

 

समस्त योग

1,05,109.03

37,410.00

86,05,936.00

6,23,005.00

8,11,000.00

21,000.00

100,60,941.00

 

 User Fee –

  • User fee is being collected monthly from all waste generators against receipts.

 Penalty Provision –

  • Criteria for levying Spot Fines for littering, Open Burning, Open Defecation, Open dumping and failure to comply with provision of VNN Bye-Laws are already prescribed and public notification issued in major Newspapers.
  • Zonal Officers, Inspectors, Supervisors and Collectors have been delegated powers to levy spot fine as per framed Bye-Laws.

 Notification of Bye-Laws-

  • Bye-Laws incorporating provisions of MSW Rules 2016 are already framed and are being timely implemented.

 Citizen Grievance Redressel –

  • Complaints received daily via Swachhata App, IGRS and Phone are immediately resolved. After resolution of complaint feedback is obtained from Complainant to ensure satisfactory redressel of citizen grievance.

Monitoring Mechanism –

  • In the first week of every month, data and target achievements of the previous month are updated on the Online MIS regularly.

 

 

 

Ranking & Awarding 2016-2020

 Varanasi Municipal Corporation got some award and ranking.

  1. In 2016-2017 the City achieved 1st Position in Uttar Pradesh and 32nd Position Pan India, out of 500 cities.
  2. In 2017-2018 the City achieved 1st Position in Uttar Pradesh and was ranked 29th Position Pan-India out of 4000 Cities.
  3. In 2018-2019   the City achieved 4th Position in Uttar Pradesh and was ranked 70th Position Pan-India out of 4403 Cities.
  4. In 2017-18 the City achieved Skoch Award for cleaning of 84 Ganga Ghat.
  5. In the year 2019-20 the city achieved first position in “Cleanest Ganga Town in India “.
  6. Received trophies from State and Central Governments.

SANITATION

The city is divided into four sewerage districts I, II, III, IV, which in total generated 300 Million Litres of Liquid Waste daily/MLD but the city had the capacity to treat only 89.8 MLD. The untreated liquid waste was allowed to flow into the City’s rivers. A giant leap was made through the following development in Infrastructure for Liquid Waste Management.

  1. Sewage Treatment Plants: - VNN had only two Sewerage Treatment Plants—The Bhagawanpur STP and The Dinnapur STP -which provided combined treatment capacity of only 89.8 MLD. Under SBM-VNS 2016, by 2019 VNN had raised its Liquid waste treatment capacity to 349.8 MLD by upgrading the Dinnapur STP to 220 MLD and establishing the 120 MLD capacities Goithaha STP. The under construction 50 MLD capacity Ramana STP when completed will raise VNN’s liquid waste treatment capacity to 399.8 Million Litres of Liquid Waste per Day. Details of its four STPs are detailed below:-
  2. The 9.8 MLD Capacity Bhagawanpur STP:-This plant is located in Bhagawanpur in the 3rd Sewage District. Based on Activated Sludge Process Technology it consists of two Units. Unit 1 installed in 1992 has a capacity of 1.8 MLD while Unit 2 installed in 1994 has a capacity of 8 MLD giving the plant a combined capacity of 9.8 MLD. This Plant started operations in 1992 and was designed to last till 2019(Unit 1 till 2010 and Unit 2 till 2019). The Plant handles only those sewage generated by the BHU Campus though its operation and maintenance is under VNN-Jal Nigam. The treated water is used for horticulture purpose in the Plant Campus and by BHU for research purpose. There is no sludge output as sewage received is in much diluted form.
  3. The 220 MLD Capacity Dinnapur STP: - This STP is located in Village Dinnapur in District……. began functioning in 1994. It consists of two units. Unit 1, installed in 1994 and designed to operate till 2010 has the capacity to treat 80 MLD while Unit 2 installed in 2018 and designed to operate till 2030 has the capacity to treat 140 MLD per day, providing the Plant a combined treatment capacity of 220 MLD. The Plant is based on the Activated Sludge Process Technology and treats sewage generated by District 1(Unit 1) and District II (Unit 2). However while Unit 1 is working at 100% capacity Unit 2 is working only at 60% capacity since the laying of sewer lines in District II is not completed yet. The Plant produces electricity which is used to fulfil 60% of the Plant’s electricity requirements. The sludge is sold to local Fertiliser companies at average annual revenue of Rs. 12 to Rs.15 Lakhs. The treated water is released into River Ganga.         
  4. The 120 MLD Capacity Goithaha STP: - This Plant is located in Village Goithaha and receives sewage from District IV (Trans Varuna Region). It is based on Sequential Batch Reactor/SBR technology and has the capacity to treat 120 MLD. However as the work of laying sewer lines is still in progress the plant is working only at 25% capacity with inflow of only 30 MLD. The treated water is released into irrigation canals while the sludge less residue is used for filling depressions.
  5. Pumping Stations:- Pumping Stations have been constructed along the Ghats which help to redirect the drain/nalla flow towards STPs.
  6. Capping and diversion of drains: - There are in total some 36 documented Nallas/drains which convey liquid waste to the City’s Rivers. Of these, 23 Nallas flow directly into the Ganga while 14 Nallas flow directly into the Varuna River. Of the 23 Nallas flowing into the Ganga, 19 Nallas have been capped and their flow diverted by pumping stations to the Dinnapur STP. On the remaining 4 Nallas—Rajghat Nalla, Nakhi Nalla, Samne ghat Nalla and Assi-Nagwa Nalla-- work is ongoing. When completed the flow of Rajghat Nalla will be diverted to Dinnapur STP while the flow of the remaining 3 Nallas will be diverted to the Ramana STP which is under construction. Of the 14 Nallas flowing into River Varuna, 6 Nallas discharging on the Right Varuna Bank have been capped and their flow intercepted and diverted to the Dinnapur STP. Work on the balance 8 Nallas on the left bank is ongoing.

 

IEC & Public Awareness: Under SBM-VNS 2016, VNN launched a massive Information, Education and Communication/IEC exercise in collaboration with agencies in SWM, NGOs and prominent Individuals of the Varanasi Society. The IEC was conducted under the following different initiatives.

  1. Swachhata Samitis: - In each of the 90 wards, special committees consisting of the residents of the concerned ward were formed. These committees held weekly meetings which discussed SWM issues such as segregation of waste; health impact of open dumping & open defecation; rules mandated by SWM Rules 2016; and Penalties imposed for violation of SWM Rules 2016.
  2. Swachhata Grahis: - These are selected individuals operating in each ward.
  • Workshops: - Workshops for different categories of public have been held in the VNN Complex.

 

(C) Innovation & Best Practices

  1. Sustainable Solutions : Between 2016 and 2020 VNN has established a functioning mechanism of Solid and liquid Waste processing plants and Material Recycling Facility to provide a sustainable solution to the approximately 600 tpd of solid and 300 mld of liquid waste currently generated by the City. Besides projects for establishing Processing Plants for the processing of C & D Waste, Plastic Waste and Carcass waste are under construction.
  2. Public Private Partnership: VNN has been successful in formulating a workable public private partnership with several large Corporations such as IOCL, NTPC, IL&FS, Airport Authority of India, BHEL, RICL, PFCL, POWER GRID CORPORATION OF INDIA, POWER FINANCE CORPORATION and RURAL ELECTRICAL CORPORATION and won their trust and support to invest their CSR funds in Varanasi SBM.
  3. Convergence across other flagship missions of the Government.
  4. IEC & Behavior Change: There has been a major shift in the behavior pattern of the Varanasi Citizen between 2016 to 2020. The Varanasi public is using the readily available dustbins for their waste disposal due to which in very few areas we came across rubbish heaps or rubbish scattered about.
  5. Community Engagement: VNN has roped in several private organizations, NGOs, influential citizens and professional to use them as Brand Ambassadors to encourage public to bring about behavioral changes.
  6. Sale of by-products of processing:- Refuse Derived Fuels from the Karsada Plant are being sold to Cement Factories while Compost manufactured at the Karsada Plant and Sewage Treatment Plant are being sold in Bulk to Fertilizer Companies Plants and to small farmers. In 2019 Compost sales earned a revenue of Rs.58,63, 742.00 while between Jan 2019 and September 2020 a revenue of Rs.14,11,121.00 was earned through sale of RDF.
  7. Menstrual Waste Management
  8. Robust faecal sludge management system
  9. User friendly CT & PT:- Availability of Toilet and urinal facilities all over the city and Ghat areas.